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George D. Stanley, Jr., PhD The University of Kansas

Office
Location: CHCB 302

Contact
Phone: (406) 243-5693
Fax: (406) 243-4028
Email: george.stanley@umontana.edu


Description

My research and teaching are international in scope and field oriented. I have lived and worked in Germany, China, Japan and New Zealand and established several international cooperative programs.  Research in invertebrate paleontology utilizes paleobiology, stratigraphic analysis, paleoecology, and isotope applications with a specialization on reefs and corals, especially their evolution in the early Mesozoic. Research questions center on mass extinctions and use statistical techniques to resolve paleobiogeography,  photosymbiosis, ancient CO2 levels, and ocean acidification during ancient reef collapse and  the Chinese Cambrian Chengjiang biota. My research applies both practical and theoretical approaches, utilizing analysis of paleo data to solve geologic problems. My teaching duties include lectures and seminars in paleontology and evolution at both graduate and undergraduate levels, leading field trips and supervision of masters and doctoral-level students. As Director of the University of Montana Paleontology Center, I supervise staff and direct collection-based research and web-based collections automation, as well as acquire and develop new collections and direct public outreach.

Projects

Ocean acidification in the ancient past

Evolution of reefs of the early Mesozoic and Mass Extinctions

Paleogeography of Upper Triassic biotas from displaced terranes of western North America and comparisons with counterparts in Panthalassa

Geochemistry via stable isotopes to investigate the evolution of Mesozoic corals and their co-evolution with zooxanthellate photosymbionts

Education

BA University of Tennessee

PhD The University of Kansas,

Goethe Institute of German Language Certificate

Fulbright Scholar in Germany

Research Interests

Research is in paleontology/paleobiology and is international in scope. It utilizes paleobiology, stratigraphic analysis, paleoecology, and isotope applications with a specialization on reefs and corals, especially their evolution in the early Mesozoic. Research questions center on mass extinctions and use statistical techniques to resolve paleobiogeography,  photosymbiosis, ancient CO2 levels, and ocean acidification during ancient reef collapse and  the "Naked Coral Hypothesis. The research applies practical and theoretical approaches utilizing fossil collections, paleobiology databases to solve problems in the Geosciences. Here is a UM link to a blog on my research:

http://research.blog.umt.edu/post/75163215443/stanley

Selected Publications

Roniewicz, E. and Stanley, G..D., Jr.  2013. Upper Triassic corals from Nevada, western North America, and the implications for paleoecology and paleogeography. Journal of Paleontology v. 87, no. 5, p. 934–964.

Stanley, G.D., Jr. and Brayard, A. 2013. Metazoan reef evolution in the aftermath of the end-Permian mass extinction. World Summit on Permo-Triassic Mass Extinction and Extreme Climate Change, June 13-15, Wuhan, China. Abstracts volume, p. 64-65. Z.-Q. Chen, H. Yang and G. Luo, (eds.). China University Geosciences, Wuhan.

Stanley, G. D., Jr., Yancey, T.E. and Shepherd, H.E. 2013. Giant Upper Triassic bivalves of Wrangellia, Vancouver Island, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences v. 50, p. 142-147.

Shepherd, H.M.E,  Stanley, G.D. Jr., and Amirhassankhani, F. 2012. Norian To Rhaetian Scleractinian Corals In the Ferdows Patch Reef (Nayband Formation, East Central Iran). Journal of Paleontology 86, p. 801-812.

Senowbari-Daryan, B., Stanley, G.D., Jr. and Onoue, T. 2012. Upper Triassic (Carnian) reef biota from the Sambosan Accretionary Complex, Kyushu, Japan. Facies  v. 58, issue 4, p. 671-684.

Stanley, G.D., Jr. 2012. Ocean acidification and the ‘Naked coral’ hypothesis.  p. 27-28 in Book of Abstracts, D. Yellowlees and T. P. Hughes (eds.) Proceedings of the 12th International Coral Reef Symposium 9-13 July 2012, Cairns. James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.

Moore, K. L. and Stanley, G. D., Jr.  2012. Enhancing the Bear Gulch Paleontological Research Collection at The University of Montana. The Society For The Preservation of Natural History Collections Collection Forum v. 26 (1-2), p. 4-11.

Lamaskin, T. D. Stanley, G. D., Jr., Caruthers, A. H. and Rosenblatt, M.R. 2011. Detrital record of Upper Triassic reefs in the Olds Ferry Terrane, Blue Mountains  Province, northeastern Oregon. Palaios v. 26, p. 779-789.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. (ed.) 2011. Corals and Reef Crises, Collapse and Change. PaleontologicalPaper 17, The Paleontological Society, Boulder, Colorado, 160pp.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. and Lipps, J. H. 2011. Photosymbiosis: The driving force for reef success and failure. Paleontological Society Paper 17, p. 33-60.

Han, J, Kubota S, Uchida, H-O., Stanley, G.D., Jr., Yao, X., et al. 2010. Tiny Sea Anemone from the Lower Cambrian of China. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13276.doi:10.1371/ journal.pone 0013276.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. 2010. Recovery of corals and reefs after the end-Permian and the“Naked Coral” Lazarus effect. Journal of Earth Science v. 21, p. 161-164.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. 2009. Corals and ocean acidification. (Invited Chapter)  In  McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2009. McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York,  pp. 66-69.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. and van de Schootbrugge. 2009. The evolution of the coral-algal symbiosis. Chapter 2. In  M.J.H.van Oppen and J. M.  Lough (Eds.)  Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences. Ecological Studies Series, v. 205, pp. 7-19.

Stanley, G. D., Jr., Caruthers, A. H. and Blodgett, R. B. 2008. From hot and tropical to cold and Arctic: The Triassic history of the Wrangell Mountains.  Alaska Park Science, v. 7, issue 1 (June, 2008), pp. 4-15.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. 2007.  Ocean acidification and coral reefs. Science, 24 August 2007, v. 317, pp. 1032-1033.

Stanley, G. D., Jr. 2006. Photosymbiosis and the evolution of modern coral reefs. Science, v. 312, 12 May 2006, pp. 857-858.

Specialized Skills

Foreign Languages: German (Goethe Institute Level-4 Certificate), Spanish, reading knowledge of French; editorial experience.

Field of Study

Paleontology, paleobiology  evolution and stratigraphy

International Experience

Have lived long-term in China, Japan, Germany and New Zealand and Belize and conducted teaching and research

Research visits to Antarctica, Austria, Australia, Peru, Mexico,

Courses

PREVIOUS COURSES TAUGHT INCLUDE

Geos 106N  History of Life - First-year introduction to the evolution of life and how it has impacted with geological forces in Earth history

Geos 191 (Honors)  God Darwin and Dinosaurs   (Taught occasionally as a UM Davidson Honors College course)

Geos 311  Paleobiology - Introduction to fossils as biological and geological objects and their use in solving problems in biology and geology

Geos 395 Special topics (individual topics consisting mostly of one-on-one interactions)

Geos 583 Advanced Topics in Stratigraphy and Paleontology Some recent topics were:

  • Evolution of Reef Systems
  • Massive Global Climate change and Mass Extinctions
  • Paleontological Techniques

Honors

Fulbright Scholar and Fellow,  Senior Professor level, Germany

Smithsonian Institution Research Associate

University of Kansas Haworth Distinguished Alumni

Publications

My published work consist of books and papers and abstracts many of which are co-authored with students.