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College of Humanities & Sciences

Chemistry & Biochemistry

nonactin molecule

Faculty


Bruce Bowler

Bruce Bowler

Professor and Director, Biochemistry Program

Phone: 406-243-6114
Email: bruce.bowler@umontana.edu
Office: Chem 311A

Courses

BCH 294 Introductory Biochemistry Seminar

CHMY 401 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

BCH 581 Physical Biochemistry

BCH 582 Proteins and Enzymes

Personal Summary

Bruce Bowler joined the University of Montana in 2006 as Professor of Chemistry and a member of the Center for Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics.  He received his Ph. D. degree in 1986 with Stephen J. Lippard at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  From 1986 to 1989, he was a Medical Research Council of Canada postdoctoral fellow in the laboratories of Harry Gray and Jack Richards at the California Institute of Technology.  From 1989 to 2006 he was a professor of chemistry at the University of Denver.  Dr. Bowler is a physical biochemist with interests in protein folding and biological electron transfer reactions.  Dr. Bowler is also the Director of the newly developed Biochemistry Program.  Information for that program may be found at http://www.cas.umt.edu/biomolecular/.

Research Interests

Research in the Bowler lab focuses on two areas: protein folding and electron transfer reactions in proteins and peptides.  Currently, work on protein folding centers on understanding the conformational properties of denatured states that provide for efficient folding and on the molecular basis of the cooperative stability of proteins.  Insight into these aspects of protein folding will shed light on the causes of protein misfolding and aggregation which can lead to pathological conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and cystic fibrosis.    

Electron transfer reactions involving proteins are essential to the metabolism of all living organisms and are particularly important in photosynthesis in plants and energy storage in animals.  We are interested in understanding how the protein matrix, particularly hydrogen bond networks, modulates the rates of electron transfer reactions. We are also exploiting protein conformational changes as a means of creating molecular switches that can turn electron flow on and off and ultimately be used as components of molecular electronics devices.

The Bowler lab uses site-directed mutagenesis as a tool to create protein variants for these studies.  We then characterize the thermodynamic and structural properties of these variants using electronic, fluorescence, circular dichroism, NMR and mass spectroscopies.  The kinetic and dynamic properties of these variants are probed using stopped and continuous flow methods and limited proteolysis techniques.

Selected Publications

Cherney, M. M., Junior, C. C. and Bowler, B. E. (2013). Mutation of trimethyllysine-72 to alanine enhances His79-heme mediated dynamics of iso-1-cytochrome c. Biochemistry 52, 837-846. doi:10.1021/bi301599g

Bandi, S. and Bowler, B. E. (2013). A cytochrome c electron transfer switch modulated by heme ligation and isomerization of a peptidyl-prolyl bond. Biopolymers, Peptide Science 100, 114-124. doi:10.1002/bip.22164/abstract

 Khan, Md. K. A. and Bowler, B. E. (2012). Conformational properties of polyglutamine sequences in guanidine hydrochloride solutions. Biophys. J. 103, 1989-1999. doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2012.09.041

Khan, Md. K. A., Miller, A. L. and Bowler, B. E. (2012). Tryptophan stabilizes His-heme loops in the denatured state only when it is near a loop end. Biochemistry, in press doi:10.1021/bi300212a.

Finnegan, M. L. and Bowler, B. E. (2012). Scaling properties of glycine-rich sequences in guanidine hydrochloride solutions. Biophysical J. 102, 1969-1978.  doi:10.1016/j.bpj.2012.03.049

Bowler, B. E. (2012) Characterization of the denatured state. In Egelman, E. H, editor: Comprehensive Biophysics Vol 3, The folding of Proteins and Nucleic Acids, Daggett, V., volume editor, Oxford: Academic Press, pp. 72-114.

Bowler, B. E. (2012). Residual structure in unfolded proteins. Curr. Opin. Struct. Biol. 22, 4-13. doi:10.1016/j.sbi.2011.09.002

Bandi, S. and Bowler B. E.; (2011). Probing the dynamics of a His73-heme alkaline transition in a destabilized variant of yeast iso-1-cytochrome c with conformationally gated electron transfer. Biochemistry 50, 10027–10040. doi:10.1021/bi201082h

Cherney, M. M.; Bowler, B. E. (2011) Protein dynamics and function: making new strides with an old warhorse, the alkaline conformational transition of cytochrome c. Coord. Chem. Rev. 255, 664-677. doi:10.1016/j.ccr.2010.09.014

Dar, T. A., Schaeffer, R. D., Daggett, V. and Bowler, B. E. (2011) Manifestations of native topology in the denatured state ensemble of Rhodopseudomonas palustris cytochrome c’. Biochemistry 50, 1029-1041. doi:10.1021/bi101551h

Finnegan, M. L. and Bowler, B. E. (2010). Propensities of aromatic amino acids versus leucine and proline to induce residual structure in the denatured state ensemble of iso-1-cytochrome c. J. Mol. Biol. 493, 495-504 doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2010.09.004.

Tzul, F. O. and Bowler, B. E. (2010). Denatured states of low complexity polypeptide sequences differ dramatically from those of foldable sequences. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.107, 11364-11369 doi:10.1073/pnas.1004572107.

Publications

Complete list of publications.

Research Summary

Protein folding and conformationally-gated electron transfer reactions in proteins

CBSD Facilities

Facility

University of Montana

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Professor Chris Palmer, Chair

Phone: 406.243.4022 | Fax: 406.243.4227

32 Campus Drive | Missoula, MT 59812

chemistry@umontana.edu