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Fulbright Scholarship Awarded

Fullbright Scholar Sean GibbonsSean Gibbons, a student in the Microbial Ecology Program at the University of Montana, was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to conduct alternative energy research at Uppsala University in Sweden. He will work with Dr. Peter Lindblad, in the department of photochemistry and molecular science investigating cyanobacterial photobiological hydrogen production using a novel photobioreacter.

The Fulbright Program is the flagship international educational exchange program sponsored by the U.S. government and is designed to "increase mutual understanding between the people of the United States and the people of other countries." With this goal as a starting point, the Fulbright Program has provided almost 300,000 participants—chosen for their academic merit and leadership potential — with the opportunity to study, teach and conduct research, exchange ideas and contribute to finding solutions to shared international concerns.

Program History

The Fulbright Program was established in 1946 under legislation introduced by then-Senator J. William Fulbright of Arkansas. The Fulbright Program is sponsored by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

Approximately 294,000 "Fulbrighters," 111,000 from the United States and 183,000 from other countries, have participated in the Program since its inception more than sixty years ago. The Fulbright Program awards approximately 7,500 new grants annually.

Currently, the Fulbright Program operates in over 155 countries worldwide.

Program Funding

The primary source of funding for the Fulbright Program is an annual appropriation made by the United States Congress to the Department of State. Participating governments and host institutions in foreign countries and in the United States also contribute financially through cost-sharing and indirect support, such as salary supplements, tuition waivers and university housing.

The Congressional appropriation for the Fulbright Program in fiscal year 2008 was $215.4 million. Foreign governments, through binational commissions or foundations abroad, contributed approximately $60 million directly to the Program.

Program Administration

The Fulbright Program is administered by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State under policy guidelines established by the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board (FSB) and in cooperation with a number of private organizations.

The Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs develops policies to ensure fulfillment of the purposes of the Fulbright Program and administers the Program with the assistance of binational commissions and foundations in 50 countries, U.S. embassies in more than 100 other countries and a number of cooperating agencies in the United States.

The J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board, composed of 12 educational and public leaders appointed by the President of the United States, formulates policies for the administration of the Program, establishes criteria for the selection of candidates and approves candidates nominated for awards.

Binational commissions and foundations abroad propose the annual country programs, which establish the numbers and categories of grants based on input from local institutions. In a country without a commission or foundation, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy develops and supervises the Fulbright Program. Currently, 50 commissions are active, 47 of which are funded jointly by the United States and the respective government. Each commission or foundation has a board, which is composed of an equal number of Americans and citizens of the participating nation.

Some Fulbright programs are administered directly by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. Others are administered with the assistance of cooperating agencies. (Contact addresses and telephone numbers for each cooperating agency are provided on page five of this fact sheet.) Foreign citizens interested in the Fulbright Program should contact the Fulbright Commission or Foundation in their home country or, where no commission exists, the Public Affairs Section of the U.S. Embassy.

Fulbright Grant Categories

The term "Fulbright Program" encompasses a variety of exchange programs, including both individual and institutional grants. For further information, please visit http://fulbright.state.gov/.

The Fulbright U.S. Scholar Program sends approximately 1,100 American scholars and professionals per year to approximately 125 countries, where they lecture and/or conduct research in a wide variety of academic and professional fields.

The Fulbright Specialists Program, a short-term complement to the traditional Fulbright Scholar Program, sends U.S. faculty and professionals to serve as expert consultants on curriculum, faculty development, institutional planning and related subjects at overseas academic institutions for a period of 2 to 6 weeks.

The Fulbright Visiting Scholar Program provides grants to approximately 850 foreign scholars from over 95 countries to lecture and/or conduct postdoctoral research at U.S. institutions for an academic semester to a full academic year.

The Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence (SIR) Program enables U.S. colleges and universities to host foreign academics to lecture on a wide range of subject fields for a semester or academic year. Preference is given to institutions developing an international agenda and/or serving a minority audience, including Historically Black Colleges and Universities, Hispanic Serving Institutions, Tribal Colleges, small liberal arts colleges and community colleges. Approximately 50 grants are awarded annually.

The Fulbright Visiting Specialists Program: Direct Access to the Muslim World, a component of the Visiting Scholar Program, helps U.S. higher education institutions and communities enrich their understanding of Islamic civilization and culture as well as social, political and economic developments in the Muslim world. Fulbright Visiting Specialists, who are matched with U.S. institutions for a period of 3 to 6 weeks, lecture or teach short courses, assist with program and curriculum development, interact with students and participate in public outreach programs with community groups, local schools and civic organizations.

The new Fulbright Interfaith Community Action Program is designed to foster the development of more peaceful and productive dialogue and action across religious and cultural boundaries. The scholars engage in a semester-long U.S. exchange experience that includes collaborative learning centered on interfaith and intercultural dialogue and collaboration.

The Fulbright New Century Scholars global program is designed to bring together a group of approximately 30 outstanding research scholars and professionals each year, from the U.S. and participating countries around the world, who are selected through an open competition to conduct multi-disciplinary research on a global theme. Aimed at bringing new depth and visibility to the traditional Fulbright Scholar Program, the New Century Scholar Program supports international, interdisciplinary, collaborative research on topics of significance to mankind.

The Fulbright U.S. Student Program offers fellowships for U.S. graduating college seniors, graduate students, young professionals and artists to study abroad for one academic year. In academic year 2008-2009, more than 1,500 Americans are studying abroad with either full or partial support from the Fulbright Program.

The Fulbright English Teaching Assistantships (ETA) Program, an element of the Fulbright U.S. Student Program, places U.S. students as English teaching assistants in schools or universities overseas, thus improving foreign students' English language abilities and knowledge of the United States while enhancing their own language skills and knowledge of the host country. ETAs may also pursue individual study/research plans in addition to their teaching responsibilities.

The Fulbright Foreign Student Program enables graduate students, young professionals and artists from abroad to research and study in the United States for one year or longer. Approximately 1,700 new awards are awarded to foreign graduate students for support at U.S. universities, and some 1,350 renewal awards are also made annually.

The Fulbright Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (FLTA) Program, a component of the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, provides young teachers of English as a Foreign Language the opportunity to refine their teaching skills and broaden their knowledge of American culture and customs while strengthening the instruction of foreign languages at colleges and universities in the United States.

The International Fulbright Science and Technology Award, a component of the Fulbright Foreign Student Program, is for doctoral study at prestigious U.S. institutions in science, technology, engineering or related fields for approximately 40 outstanding foreign students per year.

The Fulbright Teacher Exchange Program is a direct one-to-one exchange of approximately 120 teachers from primary and secondary schools. The program operates between the United States and ten countries worldwide.

The new Distinguished Fulbright Awards in Teaching Program, a component of the Fulbright Teacher Exchange Program, will send 12 U.S. teachers abroad and bring 12 international teachers to the U.S. for a semester to pursue individual projects, conduct research, take courses for professional development, and lead master classes or seminars for teachers and students. The program is open to teachers from Argentina, India, Israel, Finland, South Africa and the United States.

The Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowship Program brings outstanding mid-career professionals from developing and emerging countries to the United States for a year of professional development and non-degree academic work at the graduate level. Grants are awarded in various social and public policy fields. Nearly 4,150 fellows from approximately 156 countries have participated in the program since its inception in 1978. During the 2008-2009 academic year there are 154 Humphrey Fellows from 86 countries in the United States.

A portion of the Fulbright Program, funded at approximately $13.4 million in fiscal year 2008, is a Congressional appropriation to the United States Department of Education for the Fulbright-Hays Program. These grants are awarded to individual U.S. K-14 pre-teachers, teachers and administrators, predoctoral students and post-doctoral faculty, as well as to U.S. institutions and organizations. Funding supports research and training efforts overseas, which focus on non-western foreign languages and area studies.

The U.S. Fulbright Association is a private, non-profit organization started in 1977 by U.S. alumni of the Fulbright Program. It is one of approximately 70 national Fulbright alumni associations worldwide. For additional information, contact the Fulbright Association at 202-347-5543. The U.S. Fulbright Association's website is www.fulbright.org.

Fulbright PROGRAM(S) POINT OF CONTACT

U.S. Department of State (General info about all programs) fulbright.state.gov

J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board fulbright.state.gov/root/resources-for/fsb

U.S. Student Program
Foreign Student Program (general information only)
Institute of International Education (IIE)
809 United Nations Plaza
New York, NY 10017-3580
Telephone: 212-883-8200
Website: www.iie.org; www.us.fulbrightonline.org;
www.foreign.fulbrightonline.org; www.flta.fulbrightonline.org

Foreign students from the Middle East and North Africa America-Mideast Educational and Training Services, Inc.
(AMIDEAST)
1730 M Street, NW, Suite 1100
Washington, DC 20036
Telephone: 202-776-9600
Website: www.amideast.org

Junior Faculty from Central and Latin America LASPAU: Academic and Professional Program for the Americas
25 Mount Auburn Street
Cambridge, MA 02138-6095
Telephone: 617-495-5255
Website: www.laspau.harvard.edu

U.S. Scholar Program and Visiting Scholar Program
Council for International Exchange of Scholars (CIES
) 3007 Tilden Street, NW, Suite 5L
Washington, DC 20008-3009
Telephone: 202-686-4000
Website: www.cies.org

Teacher Exchange Program Academy for Educational Development (AED)
1825 Connecticut Ave., NW
Washington, D.C. 20009-5721
Telephone: 202-884-8649
Website: www.fulbrightteacherexchange.org/

Hubert H. Humphrey Fellowships Program Institute of International Education Humphrey Fellowship Program
1400 K Street, NW, Suite 650
Washington, DC 20005
Tel: (202) 326-7701
Website: www.humphreyfellowship.org

Fulbright-Hays Programs United States Department of Education
International Education Programs Service
1990 K Street, NW, 6th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20006-8521
Telephone: 202-502-7700
Web: www.ed.gov/HEP/iegps