The University of Montana
Department of Mathematical Sciences

Technical report #2/2009

Collaborative Learning: Mathematics and Science

Bharath Sriraman
Dept. of Mathematical Sciences
The University of Montana


The pedagogical notion of collaborative learning can be traced back to the writings of John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky, among others. The image of an isolated and solitary learner is a thing of the past since most 21st century professions in industry require the ability to work collaboratively on projects in groups/teams where communicating, sharing and synthesizing ideas are paramount to success and accountability is accorded to the group. This chapter examines theory, research and practice of collaborative learning in mathematics and science education, particularly social constructivism, and from the point of view of the literature in psychology and organizational sciences on group dynamics.

Keywords: Collaboration, Cluster grouping, Creative communities, Group dynamics

AMS Subject Classification: 97

Contact author for details on obtaining the Encyclopedia (pre-print unavailable due to Publisher policy)

Preprint of chapter to appear in B. Kerr (Ed). Encyclopedia of Giftedness, Creativity and Talent. Sage Publications