The University of Montana
Department of Mathematical Sciences

Technical report #5/2009

Relationship of creativity to intelligence

Bharath Sriraman
The University of Montana

Yasemin Kıymaz
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Egitim Fakültesi, Turkey


In this chapter traditional and contemporary theories of the relationship of creativity to intelligence are examined. The traditional approach to creativity can be characterized as the four P’s approach, namely studying the person, the process, the product and productive conditions (the environment). A number of confluence theories of creativity, such as investment theory, systems theory are considered in which the general intelligence (g) of a person is a necessary component but not sufficient for creativity (C) to manifest. In these confluence theories Creativity (big C) is that which is domain specific and a creative product is one that causes a significant shift within a specialized domain of knowledge. Ordinary creativity (little c) is also considered as well as the overlap between the constructs of creativity and intelligence.

Keywords: Creativity testing; Creativity theories; Flow; Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence; General creativity; Intelligence theories

AMS Subject Classification: 97

Contact author for details on obtaining the Encyclopedia (pre-print unavailable due to Publisher policy)

Preprint of chapter to appear in B. Kerr (Ed). Encyclopedia of Giftedness, Creativity and Talent. Sage Publications