The University of Montana
Department of Mathematical Sciences

Technical report #16/2010

A Brief History of Mathematics Education in Turkey: K-12 Mathematics Curricula.

Ziya Argün, Ahmet Arikan, Safure Bulut, Bharath Sriraman

1Gazi University, Faculty of Education, Ankara, TURKEY
2Gazi University, Faculty of Education, Ankara, TURKEY
3Middle East Technical University, Ankara, TURKEY
4The University of Montana, Dept. Of Mathematical Sciences, USA


In this study, we survey the history of mathematics education in Turkey starting with its historical roots in the foundation of the republic. The changes in mathematics education in Turkey over the last century are investigated through an analysis of changes in curricular documents for K-12 schools. We consider the factors and reasons affecting curriculum developments, changes in philosophy and structure in terms of standards, objective and instructions. This article utilizes archival research techniques by examining original sources and illustrates the nature of the changes benefiting from a historical perspective. As a result of such analysis of the aforesaid sources, we have seen that the main reasons for changing mathematics curricula are: to build up a modern civilization in Turkey; the reports of John Dewey and the recommendations of Kate Wofford, William C. Varaceus and Watson Dickerman; the desire to become a member of the European Union; international factors and political situations.

Keywords: Turkey - Mathematics education - Curriculum - History

AMS Subject Classification: 97

Pre-print of article in press in – ZDM-The International Journal on Mathematics Education, vol. 42 Pdf (275 KB)